Originally from Tuscany, Frantoio is one of the most cultivated olives on the national territory, but being very popular and well known, it is also cultivated abroad.
The olive tree belongs to the Oleaceae family. The plant starts to fruition towards the 3rd to 4th year; full productivity starts at 9 ° -10 ° year; maturity is reached after 50 years. It is a very long plant: in favorable climatic conditions an olive tree can live for a thousand years. The stem is cylindrical and twisted. It is an evergreen plant, whose activity is almost continuous, with attenuation in the winter. It suffers from shading, producing a poor blossom. The climatic factor determining the distribution of the olive is the temperature: the plant manifests symptoms of suffering at temperatures of 3-4 ° C.